Discuss corporate failures; Volkswagen, British home stores and Patisserie Holdings.

Discuss corporate failures; Volkswagen, British home stores and Patisserie Holdings. Please use harvard mmu referencing. citations. The following programme learning outcomes will also be introduced and developedthrough this assessment.PLO 1.1: Identify and interrogate relevant data and literature sources using methodsappropriate to level of study and disciplinePLO 1.2a: Apply theory to discussion and analysisPLO 2.1.1: Organise work in a logical structure in order to draw conclusions that follow fromline of argumentPLO 2.1.2: Apply consistent and appropriate referencing and in text citationsPLO 3.1.1: Recognise, explore and reflect on key ethical issues as they affect own andotherโ€™s practiceFaculty of Business and LawAccounting, Finance and BankingCoursework and resit coursework Brief 2022/2023PLO 3.1.2: Recognise, explore and reflect upon corporate social responsibility andsustainability issues as they affect different stakeholdersPLO 4.1.1: Identify and explain professional and commercial/corporate issuesPLO 4.1.2: Critically evaluate professional and commercial/corporate issue
Answer & Explanation
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Volkswagen, British Home Stores (BHS), and Patisserie Holdings are three notable examples of corporate failures that occurred in recent years. Each of these companies faced unique challenges that ultimately led to their downfall.

Volkswagen: In 2015, Volkswagen was involved in a massive scandal when it was revealed that the company had installed software in its diesel engines to cheat emissions tests. The scandal affected millions of vehicles worldwide and resulted in billions of dollars in fines and settlements. The scandal also led to the resignation of the company’s CEO, and a significant loss of trust and reputation for the company.

British Home Stores (BHS): BHS was a UK-based department store chain that went bankrupt in 2016 after struggling with declining sales and rising debt. The company was sold t

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Step-by-step explanation
o a group of investors in 2015 for just ยฃ1, but the new owners were unable to turn the business around. The collapse of BHS led to the loss of over 11,000 jobs and a pension fund deficit of over ยฃ500 million.

Patisserie Holdings: Patisserie Holdings was a UK-based cafe and bakery chain that went into administration in 2018 after discovering a ยฃ40 million black hole in its accounts. The company’s chairman and CEO were subsequently arrested on suspicion of fraud, and the chain was forced to close nearly 70 stores and lay off over 3,000 employees. The scandal also led to the resignation of the company’s auditors and raised questions about the effectiveness of accounting oversight in the UK.

In each of these cases, there were warning signs that the companies were in trouble, but they were either ignored or not acted upon until it was too late. The Volkswagen scandal, for example, was preceded by years of concerns about the company’s emissions levels, but regulators and the public were only made aware of the cheating software when it was uncovered by independent researchers. BHS and Patisserie Holdings, meanwhile, both faced significant financial challenges that were exacerbated by poor management and a lack of investment.

Ultimately, these corporate failures serve as a reminder of the importance of transparency, accountability, and effective management in ensuring the long-term success of a business. Companies that prioritize ethical behavior, responsible financial management, and strong governance structures are more likely to avoid the pitfalls that can lead to collapse and maintain the trust of their stakeholders over time.

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