Conduct and write a paper research on HITECH Act and HIPAA.

Conduct research on HITECH Act and HIPAA. Discuss the importance of protecting patient information and the impact of the HITECH Act and HIPAA. You must: Define the key provisions of HITECH Act and HIPAAAddress how The HITECH Act enhanced HIPAA protectionsAddress how HIPAA and HITECH curb inappropriate use of healthcare information by authorized users.
Answer & Explanation
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Introduction

The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) are two important pieces of legislation that aim to protect individuals’ personal health information. This paper aims to provide an overview of both the HITECH Act and HIPAA, their similarities and differences, and the impact they have had on the healthcare industry.

Background

HIPAA was first enacted in 1996 and aimed to provide individuals with the ability to retain health insurance coverage when they changed jobs or became unemployed. In addition, HIPAA established privacy and security standards for protected health information (PHI), which include any health information that can be used to identify an individual.

The HITECH Act was passed in 2009 as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) and aimed to promote the adoption and meaningful use of health information technology (HIT). The HITECH Act also strengthened the privacy and security provisions of HIPAA and increased the penalties for violations of these provisions.

Similarities

Both HIPAA and the HITECH Act are designed to protect individuals’ PHI. They require covered entities

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Step-by-step explanation
to implement policies and procedures to ensure the privacy and security of PHI, and they provide individuals with certain rights regarding their PHI. For example, individuals have the right to access their PHI, request amendments to their PHI, and receive an accounting of disclosures of their PHI.

In addition, both HIPAA and the HITECH Act apply to covered entities, which include healthcare providers, health plans, and healthcare clearinghouses. Covered entities are required to comply with the privacy and security provisions of these laws and can be subject to penalties for violations.

Differences

One of the main differences between HIPAA and the HITECH Act is the scope of their privacy and security provisions. HIPAA applies to all PHI, regardless of the form in which it is maintained, while the HITECH Act extends the protections of HIPAA to PHI that is maintained in electronic health records (EHRs).

Another key difference between HIPAA and the HITECH Act is the penalties for violations. HIPAA provides for civil monetary penalties for violations, while the HITECH Act also includes the potential for criminal penalties for willful violations of the privacy and security provisions.

Impact

HIPAA and the HITECH Act have had a significant impact on the healthcare industry. These laws have helped to ensure that individuals’ PHI is protected and have encouraged the adoption of HIT. The privacy and security provisions of HIPAA and the HITECH Act have also helped to reduce the risk of data breaches and have increased individuals’ confidence in the healthcare system.

However, complying with the requirements of HIPAA and the HITECH Act can be challenging for covered entities. These laws require covered entities to implement complex policies and procedures to ensure the privacy and security of PHI, which can be difficult to navigate. In addition, the penalties for violations can be severe, which adds to the pressure on covered entities to comply with these laws.

Conclusion

In conclusion, HIPAA and the HITECH Act are important pieces of legislation that aim to protect individuals’ PHI. While these laws have similarities, such as their focus on privacy and security, there are also differences, such as the scope of their privacy and security provisions and the penalties for violations. Overall, these laws have had a significant impact on the healthcare industry, but complying with their requirements can be challenging for covered entities.

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