Write a paper discussing the causes of anxiety in humans.

General Psychology (PSYC 142)Critical Thinking Assignment Each student will select a question (problem) associated with human behavior and examine different explanations for the behavior. (Examples: Why are some people evil? Why are more children diagnosed with ADHD or Autism now than previously? Why do people lie? Why do people XYZ? What causes XYZ in humans? How does XYZ behavior in humans develop?) Each student will a) research, b) analyze possible explanations, and c) evaluate answers to his/her question using at least two prominent psychological theoretical perspectives that we have studied in this course: biological, evolutionary, cognitive, behavioral, psychodynamic, sociocultural, and humanistic. The student will also form conclusions about which psychological perspective best explains the identified problem and address ethical issues associated with the problem.
Answer & Explanation
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Anxiety is a complex emotional state characterized by feelings of unease, worry, and apprehension. It is a normal response to stress, but when it becomes excessive or chronic, it can significantly impair daily functioning and quality of life. Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health disorders, affecting approximately 20% of the population at some point in their lives. In this paper, we will discuss the causes of anxiety in humans.


Research has shown that anxiety disorders have a genetic component. Individuals with a family history of anxiety disorders are more likely to develop anxiety themselves. Genetic factors can influence the brain chemistry and neural circuits that are involved in anxiety regulation.

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Brain chemicals, also known as neurotransmitters, play a significant role in anxiety. The balance of

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Step-by-step explanation
neurotransmitters in the brain affects mood and emotional responses. Imbalances in serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine are commonly associated with anxiety disorders.

Environmental Factors

Environmental factors can contribute to the development of anxiety. Trauma, abuse, neglect, and stressful life events can all trigger anxiety symptoms. Chronic stress from work, school, or personal relationships can also contribute to anxiety.

Personality Traits

Certain personality traits have been linked to anxiety disorders. Individuals who are highly sensitive, perfectionists, or prone to worry are more likely to develop anxiety. These personality traits can also contribute to the maintenance of anxiety symptoms.

Substance Use

Substance use can also contribute to anxiety. Alcohol and drugs can alter brain chemistry and trigger anxiety symptoms. Withdrawal from drugs or alcohol can also cause anxiety.

Medical Conditions

Certain medical conditions can cause anxiety symptoms. These include thyroid disorders, heart disease, respiratory disorders, and chronic pain. Medications used to treat these conditions can also contribute to anxiety symptoms.

Cognitive Factors

Cognitive factors, such as negative thinking patterns, can contribute to anxiety. Individuals who catastrophize, ruminate, or engage in black and white thinking are more likely to develop anxiety. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is an effective treatment for anxiety disorders and focuses on changing these negative thinking patterns.

In conclusion, anxiety is a complex emotional state that can be caused by a variety of factors. Genetics, brain chemistry, environmental factors, personality traits, substance use, medical conditions, and cognitive factors can all contribute to the development and maintenance of anxiety. Understanding the causes of anxiety is essential for developing effective treatments and interventions.

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