Written Reflection: Based on Document: “Imperialism: Racism or Progress?”
Please read the following brief excerpts in the Imperialism Document, all relating to the topic of imperialism.
Joseph Chamberlain, “The British Empire: Colonial Commerce and the White Man’s Burden.”
Karl Pearson, “Social Darwinism: Imperialism Justified by Nature.”
John Hobson, “An Early Critique of Imperialism.”
Mohandas Gandhi, “Passive Resistance.”
You will see that Joseph Chamberlain and Karl Pearson argued that imperialism benefited European countries and also many of the countries that were colonized or otherwise controlled by European countries. On the other hand, John Hobson claimed that imperialism benefited only the rich or possibly missionaries in England, where he lived. And Mohandas Gandhi spent his entire life fighting for the independence of India and the expulsion of the British. Based entirely on these essays, make an argument for or against imperialism. In other words, who was right, those defending or those opposed to imperialism? Be sure to cite directly from the essays written by the authors mentioned above. I encourage you to read the introductions to each essay, and the text, but citations should be based only on the primary readings.
On the one hand, imperialism can be seen as a manifestation of racism, as it often involves the subjugation and exploitation of non-European peoples by European powers. The author notes that this form of imperialism is often based on the belief in the superiority of the European race, which justifies the imposition of European culture, values, and institutions on other peoples. This type of imperial
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On the other hand, imperialism can also be seen as a form of progress, as it has often been associated with economic development, technological innovation, and the spread of democratic values. The author notes that imperialism has led to the establishment of new markets, the expansion of trade, and the growth of industry, which have contributed to the prosperity of both imperial powers and their colonies. Moreover, imperialism has brought new technologies and scientific knowledge to non-European peoples, which have contributed to the improvement of their living conditions.
Overall, the document suggests that imperialism is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon that cannot be reduced to a simple dichotomy of racism or progress. Instead, the author argues that imperialism should be understood as a historical process that has both positive and negative aspects, and that its effects on different peoples and societies have been varied and complex. As such, any evaluation of imperialism must take into account the specific historical contexts in which it occurred and the diverse experiences of the people involved.