Write an academic paper of 1500 – 1800 words about Jean Anouhil’s version of Antigone and compare it with Sophocles’ version of Antigone.
1. Introduce your argument with some historical context, a problem or disagreement within the field of tragedy, or a descriiption of an interesting moment in the text, followed by a clear and detailed thesis.
2. Define your chosen text as an example of tragic drama based on the conventions it follows. What makes this play a tragedy? What conventions is it using, drawn both from Sophocles’ original and from the broader context of Greek drama? Of the secondary texts we have read (the Norton Anthology, Aristotle, George Steiner, Simon Critchley, etc.), which best helps you to understand your chosen Antigone as a tragedy?
3. Analyze how the text reinterprets or subverts these conventions in order to elicit a response from, or address an issue relevant to, a particular audience. How is this play different from Sophocles’ original text? How do are those differences shaped by the newer play’s historical context? How would audiences at the time have understood the text’s aesthetic or political themes? How do those themes correspond to changes in philosophy (i.e., in the way people saw the world)? Which of the secondary texts we have read help you come to this understanding?
4. Conclude by suggesting why your argument matters—not only for our understanding of the text but also, more generally, for our understanding of what tragedy is and why it continues to be relevant today.
The story of Antigone has been told and retold countless times throughout history. One of the most famous versions is Sophocles’ Antigone, which was written in the 5th century BCE. In the 20th century, Jean Anouilh wrote his own version of Antigone, which was set in Nazi-occupied France.
While both versions of the story follow the same basic plot, there are many significant differences between them. The most obvious difference is the setting. Sophocles’ Antigone is set in ancient Greece, while Anouilh’s Antigone is set in Nazi-occupied France. This difference in setting affects the characters, the language, and the overall tone of the two plays.
Another significant difference between the two plays is the treatment of the gods. In Sophocles’ play, the gods are an important part of the story. They are mentioned several times and their will is a major factor in the events of the play. In Anouilh’s
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The treatment of the characters is also different in the two plays. In Sophocles’ play, the characters are more idealized. They are fighting for what they believe in, even if it means death. In Anouilh’s play, the characters are more realistic. They are fighting for their own survival. This difference is significant because it changes the way the audience views the characters. In Sophocles’ play, the characters are fighting for a higher cause. In Anouilh’s play, the characters are fighting for themselves.
Finally, the ending of the two plays is different. In Sophocles’ play, Antigone kills herself. In Anouilh’s play, Antigone is arrested and sent to a concentration camp. This difference is significant because it changes the way the audience views the characters. In Sophocles’ play, Antigone is a tragic hero. In Anouilh’s play, Antigone is a victim.
While the two plays are different, they both follow the basic conventions of tragedy. They both have a protagonist who is fighting against the odds, a conflict between the individual and society, and a tragic ending. The two plays also both address the issue of what it means to be human. In Sophocles’ play, the characters are fighting for their beliefs. In Anouilh’s play, the characters are fighting for their lives.
The two plays are different, but they both offer insights into the human condition. They both show that people are capable of great things, even in the face of adversity. They also both show that people are capable of great evil, even when they are fighting for a good cause.