IRB is an important step in the research process. State the required components one should look for in a project to determine if IRB submission is needed. Discuss an example of a research study in one of your literature review articles that needed IRB approval, and describe why IRB approval was needed in this instance.
note: The purpose of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) is to review research proposals involving human participants and to ensure that proper precautions are taken to ensure the safety and rights of participants. The review is intended to emphasize the important role of ethics in conducting research as well as to protect the participants, researcher, advisor, and the University against potential risks and liabilities.
Answer & Explanation
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If you are planning to conduct research involving human subjects, you need to determine whether your project requires approval from an Institutional Review Board (IRB) before you can proceed. To determine whether IRB submission is needed, you should consider the following components of your research project:

Human subjects: Does your research involve human subjects? Human subjects are defined as living individuals about whom you intend to gather data through intervention or i

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Step-by-step explanation
nteraction or obtain identifiable private information.

Research: Is your project a systematic investigation, including research development, testing, and evaluation of theories and hypotheses, or the creation of new knowledge?

Intervention or interaction: Does your project involve any intervention or interaction with the human subjects, such as a survey, questionnaire, interview, or observation?

Identifiable private information: Will you obtain any personally identifiable information from the human subjects, such as their name, address, social security number, or medical record number?

If your project involves all four components, then you will need to submit your project for IRB review. If any of the components are absent, your project may be exempt or may qualify for expedited review, depending on the specific circumstances. It is always recommended to consult with your institution’s IRB to determine whether your project requires approval.

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