Review an environmental assessment completed under Canadian Environmental Assessment Act 2012 (CEAA, 2012) to examine how it might change under Impact Assessment Act 2019 (IAA, 2019).

Review an environmental assessment completed under Canadian Environmental Assessment Act 2012 (CEAA, 2012) to examine how it might change under Impact Assessment Act 2019 (IAA, 2019). In particular, you will be looking at ways in which social impacts have been or ought to have been integrated into the assessment. You will review the Murray River Coal Project Environmental Assessment Report which includes a descriiption of the project, the associated environmental effects, and the steps taken to engage the affected First
Nations. You will also review the Agency’s decision statement that was made based on this report. You will then prepare a retrospective report that includes a discussion of the scope of
social impacts, and a discussion of the adequacy of indigenous consultation, as compared with what is now required under IAA, 2019. Discuss additional conditions that would be required if this project were to be assessed under the new guidelines.

Instructions:
1) The Decision Statement linked above, sets conditions respecting the responsibilities of the proponent as required by CEAA 2012. Suggest additional conditions that would
be required if this project were to be assessed under the new Act.
2) Review the Murray River Coal Project Environmental Assessment Report and discuss whether under the new Act’s guidelines, whether the engagement would be viewed
as adequate (See pages 28-33 in particular)? Be sure to pay particular attention to whether the holistic worldview and unique, cultural and social concerns of indigenous peoples were taken into account, and whether the consultation was
sufficiently participatory and inclusive. If not, suggest what steps would be needed in order to meet the new requirements.
3) Looking at the Environmental Assessment Report, do you see any impacts that might be positive, and that would need to be included under IAA 2019?
4) Did the original assessment consider impacts through an intersectional lens?
5) What additional impacts would need to be considered under GBA+?

Links:
1) Murray River Coal Project Environmental Assessment Report – Link:

2) Decision Statement Issued under Section 54 of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012 for the Murray River Coal Project – Link:

3) Impact Assessment Agency of Canada – see the attachment

4) Consult Integrating Gender-Based Analysis Plus into Evaluation – A Primer
Link:

5)Take the free online course Introduction to GBA+
o Link:

Answer & Explanation
VerifiedSolved by verified expert
CEAA, 2012 was enacted to assess the potential environmental impacts of designated projects that fall within the jurisdiction of the federal government in Canada. The goal of the act was to promote sustainable development and to ensure that environmental considerations were taken into account in decision-making processes.

IAA, 2019, which replaced CEAA, 2012, builds upon the previous legislation and seeks to further enhance the assessment process by increasing public participation, incorporating Indigenous knowledge, and ensuring that a broader range of impacts are considered, including social, economic, and health impacts.

One of the significant changes introduced by IAA, 2019, is the requirement for an early planning phase. This phase involves id

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Step-by-step explanation
entifying the project’s purpose and key issues, determining the potential impacts, and identifying mitigation measures before the project is approved. The early planning phase is intended to provide greater certainty and transparency, as well as to reduce delays in the assessment process.

Another significant change is the inclusion of regional and strategic assessments. Regional assessments involve assessing the cumulative effects of multiple projects in a specific geographic area, while strategic assessments are conducted to assess the broader impacts of policies, plans, and programs on the environment and human health.

The IAA, 2019, also places a greater emphasis on the use of Indigenous knowledge in the assessment process. The act requires that Indigenous knowledge is taken into account and that Indigenous peoples are consulted throughout the assessment process. This is consistent with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which recognizes the importance of Indigenous knowledge and the need for free, prior, and informed consent in decision-making processes.

Overall, the IAA, 2019, is intended to provide a more comprehensive and inclusive approach to environmental assessment, with a greater focus on sustainability, public participation, and Indigenous knowledge. While it is still early days for the implementation of the IAA, 2019, it is expected to lead to more robust environmental assessments that take into account a broader range of impacts and perspectives.

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