Discuss how Epicureanism, Stoicism, and Scepticism were the major schools in Hellenistic and Roman philosophy.
Epicureanism was founded by Epicurus, who believed that the highest good in life is pleasure, and that the way to achieve this pleasure is through a life of moderation and the avoidance of pain. Epicureans believed that the universe is made up of atoms that move through empty space, and that everything in the world can be explained in terms of these atoms and their movements. They also believed that the gods, if they existed, had no interest in human affairs, and that death should not be feared because it is simply the end of consciousness.
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Scepticism was a school of philosophy that was founded by Pyrrho of Elis, and it was characterized by a deep skepticism towards the possibility of knowledge. Sceptics believed that all knowledge is uncertain, and that it is impossible to know anything with absolute certainty. They argued that people should suspend judgment about everything, and that they should avoid making any dogmatic claims about the nature of reality. Sceptics also believed that the only way to achieve peace of mind was to let go of all beliefs and desires, and to live in a state of perpetual doubt.
Overall, these three schools of philosophy had a significant impact on the development of Western thought, and their ideas continue to influence philosophical discourse to this day. While they had their differences, they all shared a commitment to the pursuit of wisdom and a deep concern for the well-being of individuals and society.