Describe Air pollution effects on the environment.
Climate Change: Air pollution contributes to global warming, which can cause significant changes to the Earth’s climate. Burning of fossil fuels and industrial processes releases greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide which traps heat in the atmosphere.
Acid Rain: Polluted air contains nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide that reacts with water vapour in the atmosphere and falls
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Ozone Depletion: Ozone depletion, mainly caused by human-made chemicals such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), can lead to increased UV radiation, which can cause skin cancer, cataracts, and harm ecosystems.
Smog: Air pollution can create smog, which is a combination of smoke and fog. Smog is a common problem in urban areas, and it can cause respiratory problems, eye irritation, and even heart attacks.
Damage to Wildlife: Polluted air can also harm wildlife, causing respiratory problems, birth defects, and even death. Birds, fish and mammals are especially vulnerable.
Soil and Water Pollution: Polluted air can lead to soil and water pollution, which can have harmful effects on agriculture, plant life and aquatic species.
In summary, air pollution can have serious and far-reaching consequences on the environment, causing harm to ecosystems, wildlife, and human health.