Using the book of Daniel in the Gospel of Mark, write a paper explaining what New Testament interpretation tells us about theological application.
One example of this can be found in Mark 13, where Jesus predicts the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem and the end of the age. He uses language that echoes Daniel’s vision of the “abomination of desolation” (Dan. 9:27; 11:31; 12:11), which refers to the desecration of the temple by a foreign power. In Mark’s gospel, Jesus warns his disciples to be alert and watchful, just as Daniel was in his own time, for the coming of the Son of Man (Mark 13:26-27).
This connection between Daniel’s vision and Jesus’ teaching suggests
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Another example of this can be found in Mark 2, where Jesus heals a paralyzed man and forgives his sins. The scribes and Pharisees are scandalized by this act, seeing it as a violation of God’s law. In response, Jesus tells them that “the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins” (Mark 2:10), using language that echoes the figure of the “one like a son of man” in Daniel’s vision (Dan. 7:13-14).
By identifying himself with the figure of the “one like a son of man,” Jesus is claiming a divine authority that transcends the limitations of human knowledge and understanding. He is also suggesting that the message of Daniel is not just a historical record of past events, but a prophetic vision of the future reign of God. Through his actions and teachings, Jesus is bringing about the fulfillment of this vision in his own time and context.
These examples demonstrate how the New Testament authors used the book of Daniel to provide a theological application for their own time and context. They saw in Daniel’s prophetic vision a continuity with the message of Jesus, and they used this connection to interpret and apply the message of Daniel to their own circumstances. This approach to interpretation reflects a broader theological principle, namely that God’s message to humanity is not limited by time, place, or historical context, but is always relevant and applicable to the needs of the faithful.