Discuss Roman Religion, Art, Architecture and Philosophy.

There are two sections to this order. Be sure to answer all questions.
Part A:
This week we learned about the various aspects of Roman art and architecture and we have noticed there was a close relationship between art and architecture and Roman religion. Based on your analysis:
o How do regional religious beliefs influence your country’s art and architecture? Please support your ideas with examples.
o How do you explain this connection? Support your argument with examples and evidence (citation/sources).
Part B:
In Unit 1 of this course, we explored Classical Greek Philosophy. This week’s focus was on Roman Philosophy and the prominent schools that all fall under it. Based on your research, answer the following questions.
o What is the relationship between Roman Philosophy and Greek Philosophy? Justify your answer.
o What are the three main schools of Roman philosophy, and what do they emphasize?
o Which idea from Roman philosophy appeals to you the most and why? What are some ways you can use it in your daily life?
Answer & Explanation
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Roman religion, art, architecture, and philosophy are fascinating subjects that played a significant role in shaping the culture and society of ancient Rome. Let’s take a closer look at each of these topics.

Roman Religion:
The ancient Romans had a complex system of religious beliefs and practices that evolved over time. They believed in a pantheon of gods and goddesses who controlled various aspects of life, such as love, war, agriculture, and trade. The most important of these deities were Jupiter, the king of the gods; Juno, his wife; and Minerva, the goddess of wisdom.

The Romans also believed in the existence of spirits or ghosts, which they called “numina.” They believed that these n

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Step-by-step explanation
umina could influence their daily lives and that they needed to appease them through various rituals and offerings.

Roman art was heavily influenced by the Greeks but also developed its own distinct style. The Romans excelled in sculpture, painting, and mosaic work. They created many public works of art, including statues of famous leaders and gods, as well as architectural decorations, such as friezes and reliefs.

Roman architecture was renowned for its grandeur and scale. The Romans built many impressive structures, including aqueducts, bridges, roads, and public buildings, such as temples, basilicas, and amphitheaters. One of the most famous examples of Roman architecture is the Colosseum, an enormous amphitheater that could seat up to 50,000 people.

Roman philosophy was heavily influenced by the Greeks, but it also had its own unique characteristics. One of the most famous Roman philosophers was Cicero, who wrote extensively on topics such as ethics, politics, and rhetoric. Stoicism was another important philosophy in ancient Rome, which emphasized the importance of reason and self-control in achieving happiness.

In conclusion, Roman religion, art, architecture, and philosophy were all integral parts of ancient Roman culture. They helped to shape the society and worldview of the Roman people and left a lasting impact on Western civilization.

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