According to Moral Relativism, morality is determined by one’s culture;Explain .

B. Moral Relativism. According to Moral Relativism, morality is determined by one’s culture. Explain the moral relativist’s position that morality is determined by culture, taking care to distinguish moral relativism from the context sensitivity thesis. Then assess the theory. Does moral relativism offer a plausible account of morality (i.e. what’s right, wrong, good and bad)? Is morality really determined by one’s culture? Why? Why not?

Following your introduction and thesis statement, your response should include in order:

(1) an explanation of moral relativism, including an account of how it differs from the context sensitivity thesis

(2) a thesis statement that conforms to the writing guide

(3) a brief discussion of why someone might final moral relativism appealing

(4) 1-2 objections to moral relativism (you might consider whether relativism plausibly follows from moral diversity and whether moral disagreements are fundamental, or some challenge related to one of the criteria of evaluation, i.e. determinacy, consistency, applicability, intuitive appeal, internal support, external support, explanatory power)

(5) a critical evaluation of those objections (Can they be resolved? How might a moral relativist response? Is this response plausible?)

(6) Following your analysis, develop a brief conclusion that summarizes your arguments.

Answer & Explanation
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Moral relativism is the philosophical idea that moral judgments and values are relative to the cultural, historical, and social context in which they are made. In other words, what is considered right or wrong, good or bad, can vary from one culture to another, and there is no absolute or objective standard of morality that applies universally.

According to moral relativism, moral judgments are not based on any objective or transcendent criteria, such as natural law, divine command, or reason, but are the result of cultural norms, customs

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Step-by-step explanation
, and traditions that reflect the values and beliefs of a particular society or group. For example, what is considered morally acceptable behavior in one culture may be considered immoral in another, and vice versa.

Moral relativism recognizes that there are many different cultures and societies in the world, each with its own distinct moral code. These moral codes are shaped by a variety of factors, including religion, history, geography, economics, and politics. Therefore, moral relativists argue that it is impossible to judge one culture’s moral code as objectively superior or inferior to another’s, since there is no universal standard against which to measure them.

Critics of moral relativism argue that it leads to moral chaos and moral indifference, since it denies the existence of any objective moral truth or values that apply to all people, regardless of their culture or society. However, moral relativists contend that their approach promotes tolerance, understanding, and respect for cultural diversity, and avoids imposing one culture’s moral code on another culture.

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