Write a paper on bipolar and bipolar and related disorders.

Write a paper on bipolar and bipolar and related disorders.

In your paper, you will choose one of the following diagnoses: Bipolar I, Bipolar II, Cyclothymic Disorder, Substance/Medication-Induced Bipolar and Related Disorder, Bipolar and Related Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition. Your paper will include discussion for your chosen diagnosis of bipolar and related disorder on the following:

Prevalence and Neurobiology of your chosen disorder
Discuss the differences between your chosen disorder and one other bipolar and related disorders in relation to the diagnostic criteria including presentation of symptoms according to DSM 5 TR criteria
Discuss special populations and considerations (children, adolescents, pregnancy/post-partum, older adult, emergency care) for your chosen bipolar and related disorder; demonstrating critical thinking beyond basics of HIPPA and informed consent with discussion of at least one for EACH category: legal considerations, ethical considerations, cultural considerations, social determinants of health
Discuss FDA and/or clinical practice guidelines approved pharmacological treatment options in relation to acute and mixed episodes vs maintenance pharmacological treatment for your chosen bipolar and related disorder
Of the medication treatment options for your chosen disorder discuss side effects, FDA approvals and warnings. What is important to monitor in terms of labs, comorbid medical issues with why important for monitoring
Provide 3 examples of how to write a proper prescriiption that you would provide to the patient or transmit to the pharmacy.

Answer & Explanation
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Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that affects millions of people around the world. It is a mood disorder characterized by extreme shifts in mood, energy, and activity levels. Bipolar disorder is a complex and chronic illness that can be challenging to manage. There are several types of bipolar disorder, including bipolar I, bipolar II, cyclothymia, and other specified and unspecified bipolar and related disorders. This paper will discuss the symptoms, causes, and treatment of bipolar and bipolar-related disorders.


The symptoms of bipolar disorder can vary depending on the type and severity of the illness. Bipolar I disorder is characterized by manic episodes that last at least a week and often require hospitalization. Manic episodes are periods of high energy, euphoria, and grandiosity, and can be accompanied by rapid speech, decreased need for sleep, impulsivity, and risk-taking behaviors. Depressive episodes are also a component of bipolar I disorder, characterized by sadness, hopelessness, and loss of interest in activities that were once pleasurable. Bipolar II disorder is characterized by hypomanic episodes, which are less severe than manic episodes but still involve elevated mood and energy levels. Depressive episodes are also a component of bipolar II disorder.

Cyclothymia is a milder form of bipolar disorder, character

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Step-by-step explanation
ized by numerous periods of hypomanic and depressive symptoms that do not meet the criteria for a full manic or depressive episode. Other specified and unspecified bipolar and related disorders involve symptoms that do not meet the criteria for the other types of bipolar disorder, such as brief hypomanic episodes or depressive episodes that do not last long enough.


The exact causes of bipolar disorder are not fully understood, but research suggests that a combination of genetic, biological, and environmental factors play a role. Bipolar disorder tends to run in families, indicating a genetic component. Abnormalities in brain structure and function have also been associated with bipolar disorder, including changes in neurotransmitter levels and activity in certain areas of the brain.

Environmental factors, such as traumatic life events or chronic stress, may trigger the onset of bipolar disorder in individuals who are genetically predisposed to the illness. Substance abuse is also a common risk factor for bipolar disorder, as drugs and alcohol can disrupt brain function and exacerbate mood symptoms.


Bipolar disorder is a chronic illness that requires ongoing treatment and management. Treatment typically involves a combination of medication and therapy. Medications used to treat bipolar disorder include mood stabilizers, such as lithium, anticonvulsants, and atypical antipsychotics. Antidepressants may also be used to treat depressive episodes, but must be used with caution, as they can trigger manic episodes in some individuals.

Therapy can be an essential component of bipolar disorder treatment, as it can help individuals develop coping skills and strategies for managing mood symptoms. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy (IPT) are two types of therapy that have been shown to be effective in treating bipolar disorder.

In addition to medication and therapy, lifestyle changes can also be helpful in managing bipolar disorder. Regular exercise, a healthy diet, and adequate sleep can help regulate mood and energy levels. Avoiding drugs and alcohol is also important, as substance abuse can exacerbate symptoms of bipolar disorder.


Bipolar disorder is a complex and chronic illness that can be challenging to manage. It is important for individuals with bipolar disorder to receive appropriate treatment and support to help manage mood symptoms and improve quality of life. With a combination of medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes, individuals with bipolar disorder can learn to manage their illness and lead fulfilling lives. Ongoing research is needed to better understand the causes of bipolar disorder and develop more effective treatments for this debilitating illness.

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