Write a literature review on FGM – female genital mutilation

Write a literature review on FGM – female genital mutilation
Answer & Explanation
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Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a harmful traditional practice that involves the partial or complete removal of the external female genitalia for non-medical reasons. It is practiced in many parts of the world, particularly in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. This literature review examines the prevalence, causes, consequences, and interventions related to FGM.

FGM is a widespread practice, with an estimated 200 million women and girls worldwide having undergone the procedure. The practice is most prevalent in African countries such as Somalia, Guinea, Djibouti, and Mali, where the prevalence rate can be as high as 90%. It is also practiced in parts of Asia and the Middle East, including Yemen, Iraq, and Indonesia.

The reasons for FGM vary depending on the cultural and social context in which

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Step-by-step explanation
it is practiced. In some communities, FGM is seen as a rite of passage and a prerequisite for marriage. It is believed to promote female chastity, modesty, and obedience. In other cases, FGM is practiced for aesthetic reasons, to enhance female beauty or cleanliness. There is also a belief that FGM reduces a woman’s sexual desire and increases her husband’s sexual pleasure.

The immediate and long-term consequences of FGM can be severe and life-threatening. The procedure can cause severe pain, bleeding, infection, and even death. Women who have undergone FGM are at risk of developing chronic pain, menstrual problems, and complications during childbirth. They are also more likely to experience psychological problems such as depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder.

There have been many interventions aimed at ending the practice of FGM. These include education programs that raise awareness of the harms of FGM, community-based interventions that involve local leaders and community members, and legal interventions that criminalize the practice. Some interventions have been successful in reducing the prevalence of FGM in certain communities, but much more needs to be done to end the practice completely.

FGM is a harmful traditional practice that has severe and long-lasting consequences for women and girls. It is deeply ingrained in many cultures and requires a comprehensive and sustained effort to end. Interventions that involve education, community engagement, and legal measures are essential to ending this harmful practice and ensuring the health and well-being of women and girls.

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