Conduct a comprehensive physical exam of the upper respiratory system
The upper respiratory system consists of the nasal passages, sinuses, pharynx, larynx, trachea, and bronchi. A comprehensive physical exam of the upper respiratory system involves a thorough assessment of each of these structures.
Inspection: The healthcare provider inspects the external nose and face for any deformities, asymmetry, or abnormalities. They may also use a nasal speculum to examine the nasal p
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Palpation: The healthcare provider palpates the sinuses for any tenderness, swelling, or deformities. They may also palpate the neck for any enlarged lymph nodes.
Auscultation: The healthcare provider listens to the patient’s breath sounds using a stethoscope. They may also ask the patient to cough to assess the quality of the cough.
Examination of the mouth and pharynx: The healthcare provider examines the inside of the mouth and throat for any signs of inflammation, swelling, or masses. They may also examine the tonsils for any enlargement or signs of infection.
Examination of the larynx: The healthcare provider may perform a laryngoscopy, which involves using a special instrument called a laryngoscope to visualize the larynx and vocal cords.
Pulmonary function tests: In some cases, the healthcare provider may order pulmonary function tests to assess the patient’s lung function.
Overall, a comprehensive physical exam of the upper respiratory system is an important diagnostic tool that can help healthcare providers identify any abnormalities or conditions that may be affecting a patient’s breathing or overall health.