Write a 3500 word essay discussing how the global retail revolution impact upon workers and small-scale agricultural producers.

choose one of this question then i will upload 5 source must be used then come with 10 more 1) Why is capitalist agriculture associated with the ‘[d]rive of technical innovation to simplify and standardise the conditions of agricultural production’? (Bernstein) Discuss with theoretical, empirical and historical examples. 2) To what extent did the rise of capitalist agriculture in England contribute to the country’s urbanisation and industrial revolution? 3) How do the concepts of biopolitics/biopower illuminate changing production-consumption relations in the world food system? 4) What are the implications for evolving class relations of the ‘transformation of agricultural eco-systems from closed-loop cycles of nutrients and energy to open systems dependent upon external inputs’? (Weis) 5) How does the global retail revolution impact upon workers and small-scale agricultural producers? 6) Can veganism combat climate change? 7) To what extent does climate-smart agriculture represent sustainable solutions to problems of rising population and climate change? 8) Whilst the concept of Food Sovereignty is attractive, in practice it is impractical. Discuss. 9) Which theories of agrarian change are most useful in explaining the state of the contemporary world food system? Why? 10) To what extent can a green new deal for agriculture contribute to sustainable development while mitigating climate breakdown? Suggested Essay Structure 1) Introduction (500 words approx) 2) Theoretical Discussion (1,250 words approx) 3) Historical/Empirical Analysis (1,250 words approx) 4) Conclusion (500 words approx) Total – 3,500 Plus Bibliography (Not part of wordcount)
Answer & Explanation
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The global retail revolution has brought about significant changes in the way we shop and the way products are distributed. This revolution is characterized by the emergence of large retail chains, the growth of e-commerce, and the globalization of supply chains. While these changes have benefited consumers with lower prices and greater variety, they have also had a significant impact on workers and small-scale agricultural producers. This essay will examine how the global retail revolution has affected these two groups and explore possible ways to mitigate negative impacts.

Impact on workers:

The global retail revolution has created both winners and losers in the labor market. On one hand, the growth of large retail chains and e-commerce has led to an increase in demand for retail workers, particularly in developed countries. This has led to greater job opportunities and increased wages for some workers. However, the growth of large retail chains has also led to the decline of small local businesses, which has resulted in job losses for many workers.

Moreover, the globalization of supply chains has led to the relocation of manufacturing and production to countries with lower labor costs. This has led to a decline in manufacturing jobs in developed countries and an increase in low-wage jobs in developing countries. The workers in these countries often face poor working conditions, long hours, and low pay. In addition, they have little job security and few benefits.


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Step-by-step explanation
he retail industry is also known for its high turnover rates, which can result in a lack of job security and reduced bargaining power for workers. This, in turn, can result in low wages and poor working conditions. Workers in the retail industry often have to work long hours, including weekends and holidays, and are often subjected to high levels of stress due to demanding customers and the pressure to meet sales targets.

Impact on small-scale agricultural producers:

The global retail revolution has also had a significant impact on small-scale agricultural producers, particularly in developing countries. Large retail chains often demand low prices from suppliers in order to maintain their low-price strategy. This puts pressure on small-scale agricultural producers to reduce their costs, often resulting in lower quality products and reduced incomes for producers. Furthermore, large retail chains often require their suppliers to meet strict standards for product quality and safety, which can be difficult and expensive for small-scale producers to comply with.

The globalization of supply chains has also made it difficult for small-scale agricultural producers to compete with larger, more efficient producers in other countries. This has resulted in the displacement of small-scale producers from the market and a decline in rural livelihoods. In some cases, this has also led to the loss of traditional farming practices and the erosion of cultural values.

Possible ways to mitigate negative impacts:

To mitigate the negative impacts of the global retail revolution on workers and small-scale agricultural producers, there are several possible strategies that could be pursued:

Supporting local businesses: Governments and consumers can support small local businesses by shopping locally and encouraging the growth of small businesses in their communities. This can help to create jobs and provide more secure employment opportunities for workers.

Improving working conditions: Governments and businesses can work together to improve working conditions in the retail industry, including reducing hours and increasing pay. This can help to reduce turnover rates and improve the quality of life for workers.

Investing in education and training: Governments and businesses can invest in education and training programs for workers to help them develop new skills and adapt to changing job requirements. This can help to increase job security and improve the quality of work.

Promoting fair trade: Consumers can support fair trade products, which provide fair prices and better working conditions for small-scale agricultural producers. This can help to support rural livelihoods and protect traditional farming practices.

Promoting sustainable agriculture: Governments and businesses can support sustainable agriculture practices, which can help to protect the environment and provide more secure livelihoods for small-scale agricultural producers

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