Is there a significant relationship between inequitable state funding of Maryland’s four Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and student enrollment?

Please complete the quantitative presentation and analysis of the data chapter of the dissertation demonstrating how the research questions were addressed and what the outcome of the analyses yielded. The findings should be displayed in tabular format and explained through accompanying narratives. Tables included in this chapter describe the data and the findings therein. Each hypothesis/research question is restated followed by a data table which illustrates how the data are analyzed (what statistical procedures are applied), what the outcome is, and if it is significant. The table is followed by a statement which indicates if the hypothesis is accepted or rejected and why.
Using the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) conduct data collection of measurable data outcomes (student enrollment, graduation rate, student retention) over ten years from 2010 to 2020 for each of the four institutions (University of Maryland Eastern Shore, Morgan State University, Coppin State University, Bowie State University). The graduation rate outcome measure being collected from each institution will utilize the 150% of normal time or six-year completion time of a bachelor’s degree or equivalent. Retention rate data collection will reflect first-year students entering each fall during the 10-year period selected who returned the following fall.
Descriiptive statistics should be utilized to measure data from IPEDS being analyzed using the arithmetic mean, median, and frequency distribution. The effect of state funding (independent variable) on the five dependent variables in line with the RQs will be determined using Cohen’s standardized mean difference (d) with three effect size thresholds of 0.2 (small effect), 0.5 (medium effect), and 0.8 (large effect). The significance of the effect will be determined at p < 0.05. Research Questions 1. Is there a significant relationship between inequitable state funding of Maryland’s four Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and student enrollment? 2. Is there a significant relationship between inequitable state funding of Maryland’s four Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) student retention? 3. Is there a significant relationship between inequitable state funding of Maryland’s four Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) graduation rates?
Answer & Explanation
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Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) were established to provide higher education opportunities for African Americans in the United States. These institutions have played a critical role in educating Black students and producing many prominent African American leaders in various fields.

Maryland has four HBCUs: Bowie State University, Coppin State University, Morgan State University, and the University of Maryland Eastern Shore. These institutions have historically received less state funding compared to ot

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Step-by-step explanation
her predominantly White institutions in the state, leading to disparities in resources and opportunities for their students.

Studies have shown that inadequate funding can have negative effects on the enrollment and retention rates of HBCUs. For instance, a report by the Maryland HBCU Matters Coalition found that HBCUs in Maryland have lower graduation rates and higher student loan debt than other institutions in the state. The report also noted that HBCUs have a higher percentage of students who are low-income and first-generation college students.

Furthermore, the United States Department of Education found that HBCUs have lower endowments and less access to philanthropic support compared to other institutions. These factors can make it challenging for HBCUs to attract and retain students.

In conclusion, while there may not be a direct causal relationship between inequitable state funding and student enrollment, there is evidence to suggest that inadequate funding can have negative effects on HBCUs’ ability to attract and retain students.

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