Explain how Islam has impacted Turkish democratic governance since 2001.
One significant impact of Islam on Turkish democratic governance since 2001 has been the shift in the country’s political landscape. The AKP, under the leadership of Recep Tayyip Erdogan, has transformed Turkish politics by introducing a more conservative and Islamic-oriented agenda. The party’s success in elections can be attributed to its ability to appeal to conservative and religious voters who were previously disenfranchised. T
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Another impact of Islam on Turkish democratic governance since 2001 has been the erosion of secularism. Turkey has been a secular state since the establishment of the Republic in 1923, and the separation of religion and state has been a fundamental principle of the Turkish political system. However, the AKP’s Islamic-oriented policies have been criticized for eroding this principle and promoting the role of religion in public life. For example, the party has introduced reforms that allow women to wear Islamic headscarves in universities and public institutions, which has been seen as a challenge to secularism.
Furthermore, there have been concerns about the AKP’s approach to civil liberties and human rights. The party has been accused of suppressing dissent and limiting freedom of expression, particularly with regards to the media. There have also been concerns about the erosion of the independence of the judiciary, with allegations of political interference in the appointment of judges.
In conclusion, the impact of Islam on Turkish democratic governance since 2001 has been significant, with the AKP’s Islamic-oriented policies transforming the country’s political landscape. While the party has introduced reforms that reflect Islamic values, there have also been concerns about the erosion of secularism and civil liberties. The relationship between Islam and democratic governance in Turkey remains a subject of debate and analysis.