Discuss the role of social and cultural capital in achieving upward social mobility.
Based on what you have learned about class, stratification and social mobility from the 3 videos and Chapter 9, address the following questions in your journal entry:
What did the videos and the reading teach you about wealth, stratification and social mobility in the US?
What is the role of social and cultural capital in achieving upward social mobility?
Based on what you have learned, what does this say about capitalism?
Can anyone make it simply through hard work?
Please include specific references to learned material.
In many societies, social and cultural capital are closely intertwined. For example, individuals with higher levels of education and cultural knowledge tend to have access to more prestigious social networks, which can lead to better job opportunities, higher income, and greater social status. Similarly, individuals who belong to certain social or cultural groups may have access to unique resources, such as mentoring programs, scholarships, and business contacts, which can facilitate upward mob
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One way that social and cultural capital can help individuals achieve upward mobility is by providing them with access to valuable information and resources. For example, individuals who have strong social networks may be able to learn about job opportunities before they are advertised, or they may have access to insider knowledge about the industry or company they wish to work for. Similarly, individuals who possess cultural knowledge may be better equipped to navigate social norms and expectations in professional settings, which can help them advance their careers.
Another way that social and cultural capital can facilitate upward mobility is by providing individuals with a sense of confidence and self-efficacy. Individuals who have strong social and cultural capital may feel more confident in their abilities and more comfortable in social situations, which can help them succeed in their careers and in life more generally.
However, it is important to note that social and cultural capital can also be a source of inequality and exclusion. For example, individuals who lack access to these resources may be at a disadvantage when it comes to accessing education, job opportunities, and other forms of social mobility. Additionally, social and cultural capital can sometimes be based on factors such as race, ethnicity, gender, or socioeconomic status, which can lead to the perpetuation of inequality and exclusion.
In conclusion, social and cultural capital are important factors in achieving upward social mobility. While these resources can provide individuals with valuable information, resources, and a sense of confidence, it is important to be aware of the potential for inequality and exclusion that can arise from differences in access to social and cultural capital.