Discuss Capital Structure and Cost of Debt Analysis.

Objective: The objective of this homework is to provide students with an understanding of capital structure, market value and book value of equity, and cost of debt analysis in the hospitality and tourism industry sector. Students will be able to compare and contrast the capital structures and financing decisions of two publicly traded companies, determine their cost of debt, and provide critical analysis of their findings. By completing this homework, students will develop critical thinking and analytical skills, as well as a deep understanding of the factors that influence capital structure decisions and cost of debt.
Instructions:
Imagine that, as CEO of a hospitality and tourism company, you want to explore the cost of borrowing or using bonds to raise money, as well as the debt and equity structure of your company.
1. Choose a publicly traded company and its competitor in the hospitality and tourism industry sector.
2. Determine the market value and book value of equity for each company using their latest 10-K filings and Yahoo Finance.
3. Assume the book value of liabilities is the same as the market value of liabilities for each company.
4. Calculate the capital structure of each company using the two values of equity – the market value of equity and the book value of equity and liabilities.
5. Determine the cost of debt for each company, assuming the company needs to borrow money for 10 years, using the bond ratings provided by major credit rating agencies (S&P).
6. Use the 10-year Treasury bond rate as the risk-free rate in the calculation.
7. Write a brief report (1 page) summarizing your findings, including the capital structure, market value and book value of equity, and cost of debt for each company, and provide a critical analysis of the similarities and differences between your company and competitor’s capital structures and cost of debt. Include an explanation of the potential factors that may influence these differences. Grading Rubric:
1. Clear and concise summary of the capital structure, market value and book value of equity, and cost of debt for each company (20%).
2. Accurate and appropriate calculations for the cost of debt, capital structure, and market value of equity (30 %).
3. Thorough analysis of the differences in cost of debt between the two companies and explanation of the factors that contribute to these differences (20 %).
4. Insightful comparison and contrast of the capital structures of the two companies, taking into account their market value and book value of equity (20 %).
5. Clear and concise writing and appropriate use of sources (5 %).
6. Following the formatting guidelines (5%)
Formatting Guidelines:
1. Use Arial, Times New Roman, or Calibri font with size 11 for the text and size 9-10 for tables.
2. Use single spacing and one blank line between paragraphs or different sub-topics.
3. Use 1-inch margins on all sides of the paper.
4. Include page numbers in the top right corner of each page.
5. Use APA style for references.
Answer & Explanation
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Capital structure refers to the mix of debt and equity a company uses to finance its operations and investments. The cost of debt is the amount a company must pay in interest to its lenders for borrowing money. Analyzing a company’s capital structure and cost of debt is an essential part of evaluating its financial health and risk.

There are two primary sources of financing for a company: debt and equity. Debt is borrowed funds that must be repaid with interest over time, while equity represents ownership in the company. A company’s capital structure is the way it combines these two sources of funding to finance its operations and investments.

The cost of debt is the interest rate a company must pay on its borrowed f

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Step-by-step explanation
unds. This rate is determined by a variety of factors, including the company’s creditworthiness, the length of the loan, and the current market interest rates. The cost of debt is usually lower than the cost of equity because debt is less risky for lenders. In addition, interest payments on debt are tax-deductible, which can help reduce the overall cost of debt.

Analyzing a company’s capital structure and cost of debt is essential for investors and analysts. A high level of debt in a company’s capital structure can increase its financial risk because debt payments must be made regardless of the company’s profitability. If a company has too much debt and cannot meet its debt obligations, it may need to declare bankruptcy.

In addition, analyzing the cost of debt can provide insight into a company’s financial health. A company with a high cost of debt may be viewed as risky because it has a higher level of interest payments and may be more vulnerable to economic downturns or changes in interest rates. On the other hand, a company with a low cost of debt may be seen as financially stable and able to meet its financial obligations.

In summary, analyzing a company’s capital structure and cost of debt is essential for understanding its financial health and risk. Investors and analysts should consider the level of debt in a company’s capital structure, its cost of debt, and how these factors impact the company’s overall financial position.

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