What motivated Africans and Europeans (different ones, usually) to advocate for its abolition?
For Africans, the transatlantic slave trade was a devastating practice that resulted in the forced removal of millions of people from their homes, families, and communities. Slaves were often subjected to brutal treatment, forced labor, and sexual exploitation. As a result, many Africans saw the abolition of slavery as a way to end the suffering
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On the other hand, Europeans who advocated for the abolition of slavery did so for a variety of reasons. Some were motivated by religious or humanitarian concerns, seeing the practice of slavery as a violation of human dignity and a moral outrage. Others were motivated by economic factors, recognizing that the growing industrial economy of the 19th century could be sustained without the use of slave labor. Some European abolitionists also believed that the end of slavery would improve the moral character of society and promote social stability.
It’s worth noting that while there were many Europeans who advocated for the abolition of slavery, there were also many who opposed it, often because of economic interests. Similarly, not all Africans were in favor of abolition, as some profited from the slave trade or saw it as a traditional aspect of their society.