What are the similarities and differences between Hobbes and Locke?

1)Your thesis is clear but could add additional specificity. Consider adding that
2)The major arguments and evidence section could be sub-divided into three sections; one that provides an overview of the entire section; one section that focuses entirely on Hobbes; and another section that focuses entirely on Locke. Please see the “sample outlines” that I sent to the class to help you re-organize this section. Look at the content for each sub-section and make sure that your essays include this information
3)Place a Roman Numeral for each of the sections of the essay (i.e, I. Introduction; II. Arguments and Evidence; III. Analysis and Comparison; and IV. Conclusion). The writing handout indicates this. Please follow it.
4)When citing readings in the text of the essay, make sure to include the year of publication (i.e, Klosko, 2013: p. 52). This was not done in the draft. Make sure to correct it.
5)You need to include a) key take-away points and b) implications of Hobbes and/or Locke’s theoretical arguments for contemporary society in your conclusion. This is very important. Again, please review the ‘sample’ outlines to help you organize your conclusion.
6)Overall, you need to draw more from the readings. You don’t have a single direct quote and this is a major weakness in the draft. Therefore, for section II (arguments and evidence) make sure to incorporate quotes from the readings. This is necessary to support the summary of Hobbes and Locke’s theoretical arguments.
Answer & Explanation
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Hobbes and Locke are both prominent philosophers of the 17th century who wrote about political theory and the nature of government. While there are some similarities between their views, there are also significant differences in their perspectives.


Social Contract: Both Hobbes and Locke believed in the concept of a social contract. They believed that individuals give up some of their individual freedoms in exchange for protection and security provided by the government.

State of Nature: Both philosophers believed in the concept of a “state of nature,” which is a hypothetical scenario where humans exist in a state of absolute freedom, without any form of government. They both believed that the state of nature was a d

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Step-by-step explanation
angerous and violent place.

Natural Rights: Both philosophers believed in the idea of natural rights, which are inherent to all humans, regardless of their societal or political status. These natural rights include the right to life, liberty, and property.


Human Nature: Hobbes believed that humans are naturally selfish and aggressive, and that they will always act in their own self-interest. In contrast, Locke believed that humans are inherently rational and capable of cooperation and altruism.

The Role of the Government: Hobbes believed in the need for an absolute monarchy as the only form of government that could maintain order and stability. In contrast, Locke believed in the need for a limited government that protects individual rights and freedoms.

Revolution: Hobbes believed that revolution was never justified and that individuals should always obey the government, even if it was oppressive. In contrast, Locke believed that individuals had the right to overthrow a government that violated their natural rights.

Property Rights: Hobbes believed that property rights are created and protected by the government, while Locke believed that property rights are inherent and that the government should only protect them.

Overall, while Hobbes and Locke share some ideas about the social contract, state of nature, and natural rights, they differ greatly in their views on human nature, the role of the government, revolution, and property rights.

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