Discuss Colonialism “Scramble for Africa”.

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Colonialism “Scramble for Africa”

Please study each of the cartoons below, then consider: For each cartoon—what does the caption mean, what are the symbols expressed, and what is the satirical sentiment expressed?

In the Rubber Coils

The Rhodes Colossus

Egypt Asks for More

The Shocker Shocked

After analyzing each of these political cartoons, please answer the following in a minimum 250 word post:

Use your knowledge from reading the textbook and at least two of the cartoons above to analyze what these convey about British public opinion of Colonialism.

Be sure to respond to another learner’s post.

Answer & Explanation
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Colonialism refers to the process by which a foreign power establishes control over a region and its people for the purpose of economic exploitation and political domination. In the late 19th century, European powers began a race for the colonization of Africa, known as the Scramble for Africa. This period of European expansionism had significant economic, social, and political implications for both the colonizers and the colonized.

The Scramble for Africa was driven by several factors, including the desire for new markets, raw materials, and resources, as well as competition between European powers. The Berlin Conference of 1884-85 formalized the partitioning of Africa by European powers, which led to the carving up of the continent into colonies and spheres of influence. This process often involved the use of force and violence, as European powers sought to control African populations and resources.

Colonialism had profound economic effects on Africa. European powe

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Step-by-step explanation
rs exploited Africa’s resources, including gold, diamonds, rubber, and other raw materials. The colonizers established plantations, mines, and other forms of extractive industries, which often relied on forced labor and contributed to the impoverishment of African populations. European powers also introduced new crops, such as coffee and cocoa, which had significant economic implications for African societies.

The social impact of colonialism was also significant. European powers imposed their cultural and social values on African societies, often with devastating consequences. For example, in some cases, colonial authorities imposed a cash-crop economy, which disrupted traditional subsistence farming practices and led to widespread hunger and poverty. Colonialism also created new hierarchies of power and privilege, often based on race, which further exacerbated existing divisions within African societies.

Finally, colonialism had significant political implications for Africa. European powers often installed puppet governments or relied on existing traditional authorities to control African populations. This created a system of indirect rule, in which European powers maintained control over African societies while delegating day-to-day governance to local elites. This system often perpetuated existing inequalities and divisions within African societies and led to the creation of authoritarian regimes.

In conclusion, the Scramble for Africa and the subsequent colonization of the continent had profound economic, social, and political implications for both European powers and African societies. While European powers benefited from the exploitation of African resources, African populations were subjected to economic exploitation, social disruption, and political domination. The legacy of colonialism is still felt in many African countries today, as they continue to grapple with the consequences of this period of European expansionism.

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